- Because of the high cost of gas, metallurgical enterprises decided to replace it with pulverized fuel made of coal of various brands, including dried lignite.
- 65% of coal consumption of coal falls for Asia, according to the World Coal Association.The largest volumes of coal is consumed by Asian countries, China in articular. Japan, Taiwan and Korea also import a lot of coal for power generation and coking for metallurgy.The world's largest coal producers are China and the United States, which produce 3162 and 932 million tons of coal respectively.
- During January-August 2012, according to the operational data, coal enterprises of Ukraine produced 56 875.6 thousand tons of coal, which is 11 084.9 thousand tons, or 24.2% more than the target figure and 2 824.3 thousand tons, or 5.2% more than over the same period in 2011, according to the Press Service of the Ministry of Energy and Mines.First production of brown coal from the Mokra Kalyhirka deposit is scheduled for September 2012.
- Recent statements by the Minister of Energy and Coal IndustryYuriy Boyko on switching central heating and power plants of Ukraine to coal burning caused media frenzy. The press began to report that some central heating and power plants of Ukraine have already switched to burning brown coal, in particular, in the towns of Sumy and Chernihiv, although this information is unconfirmed.
Brown coal as a cheap energy source is considered as an alternative to more expensive coals of other groups, in all Eastern European countries. Prices for brown coal depend such parameters as grade size, calorific value, sulfur content, ash content, and others. However, brown coal from different regions has one common feature, i.e. high inherent moisture content, which can reach 60%. Despite having similar indexes, brown coal varies in price depending on country of origin.
Slovakia, being limited in solid fuel resources is constantly experiencing its deficit. Domestic production of oil and gas is able to cover only 1-2% of energy consumption. At the same time, brown coal has been used as an energy resource in Slovakia for a long time. The country has several deposits of brown coal, but only a few of them are developed and and are operating on a permanent basis. It is believed that production is economically unprofitable because of low calorific value of brown coal.